PTI Chapter - 2

The Internet is a worldwide collection of networks that links millions of businesses, government agencies, educational institutions, and individuals

The Internet originated as ARPANET in September 1969 and had two main goals:
- Allow scientists at different physical locations to share information and work together
- Function even if part of the network were disabled or destroyed by a disaster

Each organization is responsible only for maintaining its own network
- The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) oversees research and sets guidelines and standards

Internet2 connects more than 200 universities and 115 companies via a high-speed private network

Many home and small business users connect to the Internet via high-speed broadband Internet service

An access provider is a business that provides individuals and organizations access to the Internet free or for a fee

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